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Chemical suppression of a subpopulation of primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells: 1,3-butadiene produces a hematopoietic defect similar to steel or white spotted mutations in mice.

By D B Colagiovanni, W S Stillman and R D Irons


Chronic exposure of mice to 1,3-butadiene produces a macrocytic-megaloblastic anemia, thymic hypoplasia, and an increased incidence of T-cell lymphoma/leukemia. This is reminiscent of pathologies observed in mice bearing mutations at the W and Sl loci, which are deficient in c-kit and c-kit ligand (CKL), respectively. The influence of 3,4-epoxybutene (EB), the primary metabolite of 1,3-butadiene, on the colony-forming response of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) from C57BL/6, Sl, and W mice was investigated in order to elucidate the role of altered HPC regulation in the pathogenesis of 1,3-butadiene toxicity. EB pretreatment suppressed interleukin 3 colony formation and abrogated CKL synergism of the granulocyte-macrophage/colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) response in C57BL/6 cells, had no effect on colony formation induced by GM-CSF or granulocyte/colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone, and failed to suppress CKL-induced synergism of the G-CSF response. Experiments conducted with cells from Sl and W mice revealed that they lack the same primitive HPC targeted by EB. EB pretreatment in vitro and butadiene exposure in vivo mimic hematopoietic defects seen in W and Sl mice, suggesting that the pleotypic pathologies encountered in these murine models may be largely due to a common defect in primitive HPCs. Susceptibility to EB appears to define a functional subpopulation of primitive HPCs and illustrates that differences observed in the susceptibility of specific cytokine responses to chemical/drug exposure may provide a valuable tool for characterizing functional subpopulations of HPCs

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1993
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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