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Spinach thioredoxin m inhibits DNA synthesis in fertilized Xenopus eggs.

By H Hartman, M Wu, B B Buchanan and J C Gerhart


A role for thioredoxin in metazoan DNA synthesis has been assessed by injecting rapidly dividing Xenopus eggs with purified heterologous thioredoxins, which might act as inhibitors if they were to replace resident thioredoxins in some but not all reaction steps. Of 10 tested proteins, spinach chloroplast thioredoxin m is the most potent inhibitor. Eggs cleave and produce cells lacking nuclei. DNA synthesis is severely reduced. Development arrests before gastrulation. In egg extracts, thioredoxin m inhibits incorporation of radioactive dCTP into DNA of sperm nuclei and M13 phage. Inhibition exceeds 90% when thioredoxin m and M13 DNA are preincubated together. The data support the interpretation that thioredoxins normally participate in initiation of metazoan DNA synthesis

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1993
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.90.6.2271
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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