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Inhibition of fatty acid synthesis by expression of an acetyl-CoA carboxylase-specific ribozyme gene.

By J Ha and K H Kim


We describe the construction of ribozyme genes that are specific to acetyl-CoA carboxylase [ACC; acetyl-CoA: carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming), EC] mRNAs and the effects of their expression on long-chain fatty acid synthesis. In a cell-free system, these ribozymes precisely cleave ACC mRNA at the expected sites. 30A5 preadipocyte cells stably transfected with the ribozyme gene show a substantial reduction in the amount of ACC mRNA as compared to non-ribozyme-expressing cells. The decrease in ACC mRNA was associated with a significant decrease in ACC enzyme activity, and the rate of fatty acid synthesis fell to about 30-70% of the control. When these cells are induced to differentiate into adipocytes, lipid accumulation is very slow in comparison with control cells. The activity of fatty acid synthase and the mRNA level of beta-actin were not affected. These data indicate that ribozymes designed to specifically target ACC mRNA under in vivo conditions act by decreasing the ACC mRNA level, which, in turn, decreases fatty acid synthesis

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1994
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.91.21.9951
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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