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Structural requirements for antigen presentation by mouse CD1

By Nicolas Burdin, Laurent Brossay, Massimo Degano, Hiroshi Iijima, Ming Gui, Ian A. Wilson and Mitchell Kronenberg

Abstract

The structural basis for the T cell response to glycolipid antigens (Ags) remains poorly understood. T lymphocytes autoreactive for mouse CD1 (mCD1.1) or reactive for the glycosphingolipid αgalactosylceramide (α-GalCer) presented by mCD1.1 have been described previously. In this paper it is shown that mutations at the top of the α helices and in the bottom of the Ag-binding groove can disrupt both mCD1.1 autoreactivity and α-GalCer recognition. The locations of the positions that affect T cell responses indicate that recognition of mCD1.1 is not likely to be unconventional or superantigen-like. Furthermore, the effects of the bottom of the pocket mutation suggest that the autoreactive response could require an autologous ligand, and they indicate that α-GalCer binds to the groove of mCD1.1, most likely with the shorter 18-carbon hydrophobic chain in the A′ pocket. Natural killer T cell hybridomas with identical T cell antigen receptor (TCR) α chains and different β chains respond differently to α-GalCer presented by mCD1.1 mutants. This finding indicates a role for TCR β in defining natural killer T cell specificity, despite the more restricted diversity of the α chains in these cells. Overall, the data are consistent with a mode of lipoglycan recognition similar to that proposed for glycopeptides, in which the TCR α and β chains survey a surface composed of both mCD1.1 and the carbohydrate portion of α-GalCer

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2000
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:27774
Provided by: PubMed Central
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