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Signals transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)-induced STAT inhibitor-1 (SSI-1)/suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) suppresses tumor necrosis factor α-induced cell death in fibroblasts

By Yoshiaki Morita, Tetsuji Naka, Yoshinori Kawazoe, Minoru Fujimoto, Masashi Narazaki, Reiko Nakagawa, Hidehiro Fukuyama, Shigekazu Nagata and Tadamitsu Kishimoto


Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)-induced STAT inhibitor-1 [SSI-1; also known as suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1)] was identified as a negative feedback regulator of Janus kinase-STAT signaling. We previously generated mice lacking the SSI-1 gene (SSI-1 −/−) and showed that thymocytes and splenocytes in SSI-1 −/− mice underwent accelerated apoptosis. In this paper, we show that murine embryonic fibroblasts lacking the SSI-1 gene are more sensitive than their littermate controls to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced cell death. In addition, L929 cells forced to express SSI-1 (L929/SSI-1), but not SSI-3 or SOCS-5, are resistant to TNF-α-induced cell death. Furthermore L929/SSI-1 cells treated with TNF-α sustain the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. In contrast, SSI-1 −/− murine embryonic fibroblasts treated with TNF-α show hardly any activation of p38 MAP kinase. These findings suggest that SSI-1 suppresses TNF-α-induced cell death, which is mediated by p38 MAP kinase signaling

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2000
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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