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Extension of the thermodynamics of small systems to open metastable states: An example

By Terrell L. Hill and Ralph V. Chamberlin

Abstract

By using a simplified model of small open liquid-like clusters with surface effects, in the gas phase, it is shown how the statistical thermodynamics of small systems can be extended to include metastable supersaturated gaseous states not too far from the gas–liquid equilibrium transition point. To accomplish this, one has to distinguish between mathematical divergence and physical convergence of the open-system partition function

Topics: Physical Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:23585
Provided by: PubMed Central
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