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Site-specific gene delivery in vivo through engineered Sendai viral envelopes

By Komal Ramani, Quamarul Hassan, Betapudi Venkaiah, Seyed E. Hasnain and Debi P. Sarkar

Abstract

Inspite of several stimulating developments in gene therapy, the formulation of a targeted gene delivery “vector” is still far from ideal. We have demonstrated the potential of reconstituted Sendai viral envelopes containing only the fusion glycoprotein (F-virosomes) in targeted delivery of reporter genes to liver cells of BALB/c mouse in vivo. The membrane fusion-mediated high efficiency of gene transfer to liver cells was ascertained following a critical evaluation of the level of the DNA, mRNA, and relevant proteins. Furthermore, the involvement of viral glycoprotein both as a unique natural ligand and as a membrane fusogen could lead to preferential transfection of parenchymal cell types of liver. The integration of transgenes in the mouse chromosomal DNA and its stable expression up to 4 mo after single i.v. administration of this gene carrier has bolstered its efficiency and novelty. Moreover, the F-virosomes did not elicit significant humoral immune response against the fusion protein in the injected animal. The findings reported here open up the possibility for considering “F-virosomes” as a promising “vehicle” for site-specific DNA delivery in gene therapy

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:21735
Provided by: PubMed Central
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