The sunburst diving beetle, Thermonectus marmoratus, ejects a milky fluid from its prothoracic defensive glands when disturbed. Two major volatile components of this secretion are steroids; cybisterone (structure 7) constitutes about 20% of the volatiles, and a new steroid, mirasorvone, about 50%. Mirasorvone is assigned an 18-oxygenated pregnane structure (structure 9) on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data. Although no 18-oxygenated steroid has been described previously from an insect source, a closely related hormone with mineralocorticoid activity, 18-hydroxydeoxycorticosterone (structure 13), has been isolated from the adrenal glands of rats
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.