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Generation of native bovine mAbs by phage display

By P. M. O’Brien, R. Aitken, B. W. O’Neil and M. S. Campo

Abstract

Modeling of disease pathogenesis and immunity often is carried out in large animals that are natural targets for pathogens of human or economic relevance. Although murine mAbs are a valuable tool in identifying certain host/pathogen interactions, progress in comparative immunology would be enhanced by the use of mAbs isolated from the host species. Such antibodies would reflect an authentic host immune response to infection or vaccination, and as they are host derived, would allow the application of in vivo experiments that previously have been unrealizable in large animals because of induction of an antispecies immune response. The advent of antibody phage display technology provides a way of producing host-derived mAbs in animals where the molecular genetics of Ig formation are known. Exploiting recent advances in the molecular immunology of cattle, we report here the design of an optimized phage display vector, pComBov, for the construction of combinatorial libraries of bovine Ig antigen-binding fragments (Fab) of native sequence. By using this system, we initially have generated and characterized a panel of bovine mAbs against a model antigen glutathione S-transferase. The isolated mAbs showed features typical of bovine Igs and recognized glutathione S-transferase with high specificity in ELISA and by Western blotting. The pComBov expression system can be readily adapted for the preparation of libraries from related ruminant species and advances the use of monoclonal reagents derived in this way for comparative studies in animals of economic importance

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences
Year: 1999
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:15189
Provided by: PubMed Central
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