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Intracellular Redirection of Plasma Membrane Trafficking after Loss of Epithelial Cell Polarity

By Seng Hui Low, Masumi Miura, Paul A. Roche, Anita C. Valdez, Keith E. Mostov and Thomas Weimbs

Abstract

In polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells, components of the plasma membrane fusion machinery, the t-SNAREs syntaxin 2, 3, and 4 and SNAP-23, are differentially localized at the apical and/or basolateral plasma membrane domains. Here we identify syntaxin 11 as a novel apical and basolateral plasma membrane t-SNARE. Surprisingly, all of these t-SNAREs redistribute to intracellular locations when Madin-Darby canine kidney cells lose their cellular polarity. Apical SNAREs relocalize to the previously characterized vacuolar apical compartment, whereas basolateral SNAREs redistribute to a novel organelle that appears to be the basolateral equivalent of the vacuolar apical compartment. Both intracellular plasma membrane compartments have an associated prominent actin cytoskeleton and receive membrane traffic from cognate apical or basolateral pathways, respectively. These findings demonstrate a fundamental shift in plasma membrane traffic toward intracellular compartments while protein sorting is preserved when epithelial cells lose their cell polarity

Topics: Article
Publisher: The American Society for Cell Biology
Year: 2000
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:14974
Provided by: PubMed Central
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