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Miniature Neutron‐Alpha Activation Spectrometer

By Edgar Rhodes, James Paul Holloway, Zhong He and John Goldsten

Abstract

We are developing a miniature neutron‐alpha activation spectrometer for in‐situ analysis of chem‐bio samples, including rocks, fines, ices, and drill cores, suitable for a lander or Rover platform for Mars or outer‐planet missions. In the neutron‐activation mode, penetrating analysis will be performed of the whole sample using a γ spectrometer and in the α‐activation mode, the sample surface will be analyzed using Rutherford‐backscatter and x‐ray spectrometers. Novel in our approach is the development of a switchable radioactive neutron source and a small high‐resolution γ detector. The detectors and electronics will benefit from remote unattended operation capabilities resulting from our NEAR XGRS heritage and recent development of a Ge γ detector for MESSENGER. Much of the technology used in this instrument can be adapted to portable or unattended terrestrial applications for detection of explosives, chemical toxins, nuclear weapons, and contraband. © 2002 American Institute of Physic

Publisher: The American Institute of Physics
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1063/1.1513958
OAI identifier: oai:deepblue.lib.umich.edu:2027.42/87580
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