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Cavitation phenomena in a stagnation point flow

By Y. Lu, B. Gopalan, E. Celik, J. Katz and D. Van Wie


Cavitation phenomena inherently occur in regions with low pressure. Consequently, it seems unlikely that cavitation would develop near the stagnation point of a blunt body flow. However, in recent experiments involving a high-speed bubbly jet impinging on a blunt body, we have observed substantial rapid growth and stretching of bubbles near the stagnation point over a wide range of flow parameters. Using a highspeed camera we observe that bubbles with initial diameters of tens of microns located very close to the blunt body are being stretched into long strings that are generally aligned parallel to the body surface. In-line Digital Holographic Microscopy (DHM) measurements show that the bubble strings are located far from the walls. High resolution 3-D holographic Particle Image Velocimetry (DHM-PIV) is performed to quantify the 3-D flow field near the leading edge of the blunt body. Instantaneous data show vortices being stretched by the local strain field close to the blunt body in an orientation consistent with the appearance of cavitation. These vortices are originated from the turbulent jet upstream. An estimate based on the measured vortex strength and strain field shows that stretching rapidly decreases the pressure in the vortex core below the vapor pressure, explaining the occurrence of cavitation

Year: 2009
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