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Neutral and Oxidized Triisopropylsilyl End-Capped Oligothienoacenes: A Combined Electrochemical, Spectroscopic, and Theoretical Study

By Juan Aragó, Pedro Viruela, Enrique Ortí, Reyes Malavé, Barbara Vercelli, Gianni Zotti, Víctor Hernández, Juan López Navarrete, John Henssler, Adam Matzger, Yoshitake Suzuki and Shigehiro Yamaguchi


This work presents an analysis of the structural, electrochemical, and optical properties of a family of triisopropylsilyl end-capped oligothienoacenes (TIPS- T n -TIPS, n =4–8) by combining cyclic voltammetry, spectroscopic techniques, and quantum-chemical calculations. TIPS- T n -TIPS compounds form stable radical cations, and dications are only obtained for the longest oligomers ( n =7 and 8). Oxidation leads to the quinoidization of the conjugated backbone, from which electrons are mainly extracted. The absorption and fluorescence spectra show partially resolved vibronic structures even at room temperature, due to the rigid molecular geometry. Two well-resolved vibronic progressions are observed at low temperatures due to the vibronic coupling, with normal modes showing wavenumbers of ≈1525 and ≈480 14cm −1 . Optical absorption bands display remarkable bathochromic dispersion with the oligomer length, indicative of the extent of Π conjugation. The optical properties of the oxidized compounds are characterized by in situ UV/Vis/NIR spectroelectrochemistry. The radical cation species show two intense absorption bands emerging at energies lower than in the neutral compounds. The formation of the dication is only detected for the heptamer and the octamer, and shows a new band at intermediate energies. Optical data are interpreted with the help of density functional theory calculations performed at the B3LYP/6-31G** level, both for the neutral and the oxidized compounds

Publisher: WILEY-VCH Verlag
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1002/chem.200903343
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