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The appetitive motivation scale and other BAS measures in the prediction of Approach and Active Avoidance

By Luke D. Smillie and Chris J. Jackson


The Appetitive Motivation Scale (Jackson & Smillie, 2004) is a new trait conceptualisation of Gray’s (1970, 1991) Behavioural Activation System. In this experiment we explore relationships that the Appetitive Motivation Scale and other measures of Gray’s model have with Approach and Active Avoidance responses. Using a sample of 144 undergraduate students, both Appetitive Motivation and Sensitivity to Reward (from the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire, SPSRQ; Torrubia, Avila, Molto, & Ceseras, 2001), were found to be significant predictors of Approach and Active Avoidance response latency. This confirms previous experimental validations of the SPSRQ (e.g., Avila, 2001) and provides the first experimental evidence for the validity of the Appetitive Motivation scale. Consistent with interactive views of Gray’s model (e.g., Corr, 2001), high SPSRQ Sensitivity to Punishment diminished the relationship between Sensitivity to Reward and our BAS criteria. Measures of BIS did not however interact in this way with the appetitive motivation scale. A surprising result was the failure for any of Carver and White’s (1994) BAS scales to correlate with RST criteria. Implications of these findings and potential future directions are discussed

Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2005
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