Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Arc root mobility on piezoelectrically actuated contacts in miniature circuit breakers

By P.M. Weaver, K. Pechrach and J.W. McBride

Abstract

A novel contact opening mechanism has been developed using a piezoelectric actuator to open the contacts in a low contact opening velocity circuit breaker. The arc control on the contacts is critical for successful current interruption (10/sup 3/-10/sup 4/ A) in low voltage (<250V) devices. Previous work has shown how arc root commutation from the contact region into the arc chamber is affected by arc chamber materials, contact materials and the gap behind the moving contact for contact velocities between 1ms/sup -1/ and 10ms/sup -1/. This work is extended using a commercially available piezoelectric actuator to open the contacts. Contact opening speeds are assessed and the arc root mobility is characterized under this operating regime. A flexible test apparatus and solid-state high-speed arc imaging system are used to gather data on the arc root during the opening of the contacts. New experimental results are presented on the anode and cathode root velocity and arc root motion in an arc chamber with piezoelectrically actuated contact opening. These results can be used to improve the design of high current low voltage circuit breakers suitable for piezoelectric actuation

Topics: TK, TA, QC
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:23874
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2004). Arc motion and gas flow in current limiting circuit breakers operating with a low contacts switching velocity,”
  2. (2001). Arc root commutation from moving contacts in low voltage devices,”
  3. (2009). Authorized licensed use limited to:
  4. Extended temperature range piezo actuator system with very large movement,” in
  5. (1982). Interaction between magnet-blast arcs and contacts,” in
  6. (1978). McBride received the M.S. degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Southampton,
  7. (2005). Servocell Handbook. [Online] Available: http://www. servocell.com [9]
  8. (2000). The development of a low cost, high performance piezo actuator for high volume manufacture,” in
  9. (1994). The effect of contact opening velocity and the moment of contact opening on the
  10. (2001). The energetics of gas flowandcontacterosionduringshortcircuitarcing,”IEEETrans.Comp.
  11. (1997). Weaver is a member of the Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE). KesornPechrachreceivedtheB.Eng.degreeinelectrical engineering from Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand,
  12. (1993). Weaver received the B.A. degree (with honors) in natural science from the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K. and the Ph.D. degree in aeronautical engineering from the

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.