4 ref. fig. tables.This study evaluated the effects of voltage on rise time and light output from incandescent brake lamps for range of voltages representing realistic values for large trucks. The findings indicate that, relative to nominal voltage of 12.8 V, realistic voltages for large trucks lead to significant increases in rise time and to decreases in light output. At 9 V, for example, 90% of the asymptotic light output is reached about 113 ms later than at 12.8 V, and the asymptotic light output is about 28% of the output at 12.8 V. Analogous comparisons of 6 V with 12.8 V indicate an increase in the rise time to 90% of asymptotic light output of about 316 ms, and a decrease in asymptotic light output to about 5%. The obtained changes in rise time and light output of incandescent lamps as a function of voltage are of practical importance because they can be expected to increase reaction times of following drivers to brake signals and increase the frequency of missed signals
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