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Lessons from Portuguese experience

By  David Justino and  Sílvia Almeida

Abstract

UID/SOC/04647/2013Our analysis focuses on a set of education policies and measures that have been adopted by Portugal since 2000 in comparison with diferente instruments promoted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the European institutions. Among these education policies, we will take into account those that have a direct or indirect impact on curriculum and its development, such as changes in curricular organization, instruction time per subject, national testing and external evaluation of schools. Among the instruments we will particularly analyse the effects of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) studies. We conclude that the regularity of the PISA tests and their technical accuracy have imposed them as the principal means of diagnostic of education systems at the international scale. The results of these tests have influenced the external assessment of learning and the institutionalization of the external evaluation of schools. The combined effect of those instruments over the curriculum is probably more evident in their appropriation and development by schools and teachers following flexible curriculum management policies, and not so coherent when it comes to establishing a minimum fixed instruction time for what is considered elementary or fundamental knowledge (maths and reading literacy) at the expense of the third domain of the PISA tests (science).publishersversionpublishe

Topics: Transnational regulation, PISA, Prescribed curriculum, National testing
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:run.unl.pt:10362/43158
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