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An Elastic Analog Model for Controlling the Impingement Point Position in Confined Impinging Jets

By Claúdio P. Fonte, M. Ashar Sultan, Ricardo J. Santos, Madalena M. Dias and José Carlos B. Lopes

Abstract

Confined impinging jets (CIJs) are highly efficient mixers. The scales of mixing in CIJs are controlled by the opposed jets interaction. A mechanistic model is described here, which accurately predicts the impinging position of the opposed jets for a large range of flow rate ratios. The impinging point position is shown to impact the dynamic properties of the flow and the achieved mixing quality. The opposed jets kinetic energy ratio is shown to have a critical impact on mixing, similar to the Reynolds number. A mixing chamber design relation is proposed and verified for the opposed injectors diameters ratio, d(1)/d(2), which enables to operate CIJs under optimum mixing conditions for large ranges of flow rate ratios, viscosity and density ratios between the opposed streams. Optimum d(1)/d(2) values have asymptotes for large and small Reynolds number depending on the process stoichiometry viscosity, and density ratios of the opposed jet streams. (C) 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineer

Topics: Engenharia química, Engenharia química, Chemical engineering, Chemical engineering, Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia química, Engineering and technology::Chemical engineering
Publisher: 'Wiley'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1002/aic.15169
OAI identifier: oai:repositorio-aberto.up.pt:10216/106390
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