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The role of nursing in the prevention of eating disorders



Prevention of eating disorders is important because eating disorders are one of the most common and serious diseases adolescent girls and young women may suffer from, with severe somatic, psychological and social consequences. The treatment of eating disorders is tricky and not always successful. This is a disease for which it is difficult to induce the necessary motivation and cooperation of the patient for treatment. Patients suffering from eating disorders have a distorted image of their body, body weight and body shape. An excessive weight loss has an impact on health. The most serious complications are cardiovascular complications, which may lead up to death. Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric illness with high mortality, which reaches up to 18%. The first objective of the thesis was to survey the risk of eating disorders occurrence in pupils of the second level of primary school. The second objective was to map the awareness of pupils of the second grade of primary school and to identify the source of information. To meet the objectives quantitative research was used. As a method of data collection the questionnaire technique was chosen. The standardized questionnaire EAT - 26, containing 26 closed questions, was used at the research. Another part of our questionnaire included 5 closed questions to get the respondents' identification data, and 2 semi-closed questions. In the case of a positive answer it was necessary to write down the answer which was given by all the pupils with positive answers, and 1 semi-enclosed question with the possibility to add another answer. The questionnaire was completed by 141 pupils of the 5th ? 9th grades of the Primary school Grünwaldova in České Budějovice. The results show that the risk of eating disorders in girls and boys is comparable. According to the obtained results, the risk of eating disorders development is the least in the 5th grade pupils, because they are less concerned about their own looks, physique and body weight than the respondents from higher grades. Satisfaction with the body weight is the highest in the fifth grades, it decreases in higher grades pupils. In our respondents the risk of eating disorders did not appear, yet it is necessary to avoid an increase of that risk. It is necessary to highlight the educational and preventive role of a nurse. She can prevent the possible increased risk of the development of eating disorders later in life or even the onset of anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa

Topics: nursing; society; risk factors; společnost; poruchy příjmu potravy; rizikové faktory; ošetřovatelství; prevention; eating disorders; prevence
Year: 2012
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