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The Role of Particle Surface Functionality and Microstructure Development in Isothermal and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behavior of Polyamide 6/Cellulose Nanocrystals Nanocomposites

By Shahram Rahimi and Joshua U. Otaigbe


Polyamide 6 (PA6)/cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) and aminopropyl triethoxy silane (APS) - modified CNC nanocomposites were prepared by in situ anionic ring opening polymerization and subsequent melt extrusion. The morphological observation of these hybrid systems revealed that the non-modified nanocrystals developed a network-like fibrillar structure while the APS-modified CNCs were finely dispersed mostly as individual whiskers. The isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization kinetics was extensively studied with emphasis on the effects of CNC surface functionality and the subsequent microstructure development on crystallization behavior of these novel nanocomposite systems. The non-modified CNC particles with corresponding fibrillar microstructure were found significantly hinder the crystallization process and spherultic growth of polyamide 6 chains under both isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. On other hand, the surface modified cellulose nanocrystals with improved sub-micron dispersion enhance crystal nucleation in early stages of crystallization while imposing opposite effect in later stages of crystallization resulting in development of relatively smaller defective spherulitic structures

Topics: crystallization kinetics, cellulose nanocrystals, cellulose whiskers, polyamide 6 nanocomposite, crystallization activation energy, Chemistry, Physical Sciences and Mathematics
Publisher: The Aquila Digital Community
Year: 2016
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