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Determination of gas-liquid partition coefficients of several organic solutes in trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bromide using capillary gas chromatography columns

By Nicolás Raúl Ronco, Fiorella Menestrina, Lílian Mónica Romero and Cecilia Beatriz Marta Castells

Abstract

In this paper, we report gas-liquid partition constants for thirty-five volatile organic solutes in the room temperature ionic liquid trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bromide measured by gas-liquid chromatography using capillary columns. The relative contribution of gas-liquid partition and interfacial adsorptionto retention was evaluated through the use of columns with different the phase ratio. Four capillary columns with exactly known phase ratios were constructed and employed to measure the solute retention factors at four temperatures between 313.15 and 343.15 K. The partition coefficients were calculated from the slopes of the linear regression between solute retention factors and the reciprocal of phase ratioat a given temperature according to the gas-liquid chromatographic theory. Gas-liquid interfacial adsorp-tion was detected for a few solutes and it has been considered for the calculations of partition coefficient.Reliable solute’s infinite dilution activity coefficients can be obtained when retention data are determined by a unique partitioning mechanism. The partial molar excess enthalpies at infinite dilution havebeen estimated from the dependence of experimental values of solute activity coefficients with the column temperature. A thorough discussion of the uncertainties of the experimental measurements and the main advantages of the use of capillary columns to acquire the aforementioned relevant thermodynamic information was performed.Laboratorio de Investigación y Desarrollo de Métodos Analíticos (LIDMA)Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la provincia de Buenos Aire

Topics: Ciencias Exactas, Química, Gases, Adsorción, Soluciones, Cromatografía
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:sedici.unlp.edu.ar:10915/79199
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