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Endophytic fungi from selected varieties of soybean (<i>Glycine max</i> L. Merr.) and corn (<i>Zea mays</i> L.) grown in an agricultural area of Argentina

By María Leticia Russo, Sebastián Alberto Pelizza, Marta Noemí Cabello, Sebastián Alberto Stenglein, María Florencia Vianna and Ana Clara Scorsetti

Abstract

Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous and live within host plants without causing any noticeable symptoms of disease. Little is known about the diversity and function of fungal endophytes in plants, particularly in economically important species. The aim of this study was to determine the identity and diversity of endophytic fungi in leaves, stems and roots of soybean and corn plants and to determine their infection frequencies. Plants were collected in six areas of the provinces of Buenos Aires and Entre Ríos (Argentina) two areas were selected for sampling corn and four for soybean. Leaf, stem and root samples were surface-sterilized, cut into 1 cm2 pieces using a sterile scalpel and aseptically transferred to plates containing potato dextrose agar plus antibiotics. The species were identified using both morphological and molecular data. Fungal endophyte colonization in soybean plants was influenced by tissue type and varieties whereas in corn plants only by tissue type. A greater number of endophytes were isolated from stem tissues than from leaves and root tissues in both species of plants. The most frequently isolated species in all soybean cultivars was Fusarium graminearum and the least isolated one was Scopulariopsis brevicaulis. Furthermore, the most frequently isolated species in corn plants was Aspergillus terreus whereas the least isolated one was Aspergillus flavus. These results could be relevant in the search for endophytic fungi isolates that could be of interest in the control of agricultural pests.Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y MuseoInstituto de Botánica "Dr. Carlos Spegazzini

Topics: Ciencias Naturales
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:sedici.unlp.edu.ar:10915/66385
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