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The transcriptome of Populus in elevated CO2

By Gail Taylor, Nathaniel R. Street, Penny J. Tricker, Andreas Sjodin, Laura Graham, Oskar Skogstrom, Carlo Calfapietra, Giuseppe Scarascia-Mugnozza and Stefan Jansson

Abstract

The consequences of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide for long-term adaptation of forest ecosystems remain uncertain, with virtually no studies undertaken at the genetic level. A global analysis using cDNA microarrays was conducted following 6 yr exposure of Populus × euramericana (clone I-214) to elevated [CO2] in a FACE (free-air CO2 enrichment) experiment.<br/>Gene expression was sensitive to elevated [CO2] but the response depended on the developmental age of the leaves, and &lt; 50 transcripts differed significantly between different CO2 environments. For young leaves most differentially expressed genes were upregulated in elevated [CO2], while in semimature leaves most were downregulated in elevated [CO2].<br/>For transcripts related only to the small subunit of Rubisco, upregulation in LPI 3 and downregulation in LPI 6 leaves in elevated CO2 was confirmed by anova. Similar patterns of gene expression for young leaves were also confirmed independently across year 3 and year 6 microarray data, and using real-time RT–PCR.<br/>This study provides the first clues to the long-term genetic expression changes that may occur during long-term plant response to elevated CO2

Topics: QH301
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:41066
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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