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A variational mean-field study of clusterization in a zero-temperature system of soft-core bosons

By Santi Prestipino, Alessandro Sergi, Ezio Bruno and Paolo V. Giaquinta

Abstract

We work out the ground-state diagram of weakly-repulsive penetrable bosons, using mean-field theory with a Gaussian ansatz on the single-particle wave function. Upon compression, the fluid transforms into a cluster supersolid, whose structure is characterized for various choices of the embedding space. In Euclidean space, the stable crystals are those with the most compact structure, i.e., triangular and fcc in two and three dimensions, respectively. For particles confined in a spherical surface, as the sphere radius increases we observe a sequence of transitions between different cluster phases, all having a regular or semiregular polyhedron as supporting frame for the clusters. The present results are relevant for the behavior of ultracold bosons weakly coupled to a Rydberg state

Publisher: EPJ Web of Conferences
DOI identifier: 10.1051/epjconf/202023000008/pdf
OAI identifier: oai:edpsciences.org:dkey/10.1051/epjconf/202023000008
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