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Abell 2384: the galaxy population of a cluster post-merger

By Florian Pranger, Asmus Böhm, Chiara Ferrari, Sophie Maurogordato, Christophe Benoist, Harald Höller and Sabine Schindler


Context. We present a spectrophotometric analysis of the galaxy population in the area of the merging cluster Abell 2384 at z = 0.094. Aims. We investigate the impact of the complex cluster environment on galaxy properties, such as colour, morphology, and star formation rate. Methods. We combined multi-object spectroscopy from the 2dF and EFOSC2 spectrographs with optical imaging of the inner 30 × 30 arcmin of A2384 taken with the ESO Wide Field Imager. We carried out a kinematical analysis using the EMMIX algorithm and biweight statistics. We address the possible presence of cluster substructures with the Dressler-Shectman test. Cluster galaxies are investigated with respect to [OII] and Hα equivalent width. Galaxies covered by our optical imaging observations are additionally analysed in terms of colour, star formation rate, and morphological descriptors, such as Gini coefficient and M20 index. We study cluster galaxy properties as a function of clustercentric distance and investigate the distribution of various galaxy types in colour−magnitude and physical space. Results. The Dressler-Shectman test reveals a substructure in the east of the 2dF field of view. We determine the mass ratio between the northern and southern subclusters to be ≲1.6:1. In accordance with other cluster studies, we find that a large number of the disk galaxies close to the cluster core show no detectable star formation (SF). Probably these are systems that are quenched by ram-pressure stripping. The sample of quenched disks populates the transition area between the blue cloud and the red sequence in colour−magnitude space. We also find a population of morphologically distorted galaxies in the central cluster region. Conclusions. The substructure east of A2384 might be a group of galaxies falling onto the main cluster. We speculate that our sample of quenched spirals represents an intermediate phase in the ram-pressure-driven transformation of infalling field spirals into cluster S0s. This is justified by their position in colour−magnitude space. The occurrence of morphologically distorted galaxies in the cluster core complies with the hypothesis of Abell 2384 representing a post merger system

Topics: galaxies: clusters: general, galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 2384, galaxies: distances and redshifts, galaxies: evolution, cosmology: observations
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1051/0004-6361/201424727/pdf
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