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Pattern Formation in a Twisted Nematic Liquid Crystal Cell under an External Magnetic Field

By Luca Carlotti, Sandro Faetti and Maurizio Nobili


We analyze the spatially inhomogeneous dynamic behaviour of twisted NLC layer in a magnetic field. When a magnetic field $H$ is applied in the layer plane at a suitable angle $\beta$ with respect to the easy axis on the first surface, the relaxation toward the equilibrium texture occurs through a slow decay of unstable textures. For same values of $\beta$ and $H$, the relaxation of the unstable texture is strongly inhomogeneous and spatial domains occur everywhere. In this special case, a very rich dynamical behavior is observed together with the appearance of domains corresponding to unstable, metastable, and stable textures coupled with line defects and walls. We have studied and modelled the form and the properties of the different domains and interfaces, the velocities of the defect lines and the inhomogeneous-homogeneous character of the unstable texture relaxation. The static and dynamic features of the observed domains are in satisfactory agreement with the theoretical predictions

Publisher: EDP Sciences
Year: 1996
DOI identifier: 10.1051/jp2:1996180/pdf
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