Article thumbnail

Fine Motor Function Of School-aged Children With Dyslexia, Learning Disability And Learning Difficulties [função Motora Fina De Escolares Com Dislexia, Distúrbio E Dificuldades De Aprendizagem]

By Capellini S.A., Coppede A.C. and Valle T.R.

Abstract

Background: fine motor function of school-aged children with dyslexia, learning disabilities and learning difficulties. Aim: this study aimed to characterize the fine motor, sensory and perceptive function of school-aged children with dyslexia, learning disabilities and learning difficulties and to correlate these results with the analysis of the children's handwriting. Method: participants were 80 2nd to 4th graders, ranging in age from 7 to 12 years, of both genders, divided as follows: GI: composed of 20 students with dyslexia, GII: composed of 20 students with learning disabilities, GIII: composed of 20 students with learning difficulties and GIV: composed of 20 good readers. All of the children were submitted to an assessment of the fine motor, sensorial and perceptive functions using the Dysgraphia Scale. Results: the results indicated that most groups presented a poor performance in tests of FMF7 (fingers opposition), S8 (graphestesia) and P1 (body imitation). GI and GII were the groups that presented the worst performance in most of the tests when compared to GIII and GIV. Regarding handwriting, it was observed that all of the children in GII are dysgraphics. Conclusion: the presence of motor, sensorial and perceptive alterations is a characteristic of children with learning disabilities and dyslexia. However this characteristic may or may not be found in children with learning difficulties, therefore motor, sensorial and perceptive alterations are responsible for the dysgraphic behavior observed in the children with learning disabilities of the present study.223201208Smits-Engelsman, B.C.M., Wilson, P.H., Westenberg, Y., Duysens, J., Fine motor deficiencies in children with development coordination disorder and learning disabilities: An underlying open-loop control deficit (2003) Hum Mov Sci, 22, pp. 495-513Santos, S., Dantas, L., Oliveira, J.A., Desenvolvimento motor de crianças, de idosos e de pessoas com transtornos da coordenação (2004) Rev Paul Educ Fis, 18, pp. 33-44Goez, H., Zelnik, N., Handedness in patients with developmental coordination disorder (2008) J Child Neurol, 23, pp. 151-154Getchell, N., Pabreja, P., Neeld, K., Carrio, V., Comparing children with and without dyslexia on the movement assessment battery for children and the test of gross motor development (2007) Percep Mot Skills, 105, pp. 207-214Tseng, M.H., Howe, T.H., Chuang, I.C., Hsieh, C.L., Cooccurrence of problems in activity level, attention, psychosocial adjustment, reading and writing in children with developmental coordination disorder (2007) Int J Rehabil Res, 30, pp. 327-332Jefferies, E., Sage, K., Ralph, M.A., Do deep dyslexia, dysphasia and dysgraphia share a common phonological impairment? (2007) Neuropsychologia, 45, pp. 1553-1570Summers, J., Larkin, D., Dewey, D., Activies of daily living in children with developmental coordination disorder: Dressing, personal hygiene, and eating skills (2008) Hum Mov Sci, 27, pp. 215-229Crawford, S.G., Dewey, D., Co-occurring disorders: A possible key to visual perceptual deficits in children with developmental coordination disorder? (2008) Hum Mov Sci, 27, pp. 154-169Beckung, E., Development and validation of a measure of motor and sensory function in children with epilepsy (2000) Pediatr Ther, 2, pp. 24-35Lorenzini, M.V., (1993) Uma escala para detectar a disgrafia baseada na escala de Ajuriaguerra. [Dissertação], , São Carlos (SP): Universidade Federal de São CarlosCapellini, A.S., Souza, A.V., Avaliação da função motora fina , sensorial e perceptiva em escolares com dislexia (2008) Transtornos da aprendizagem da avaliação à reabilitação, pp. 55-64. , Sennyey AL, Capovilla FC, Montiel JM. São Paulo: Editora Artes MédicasTrevisan, J.G., Coppede, A.C., Capellini, S.A., Avaliação da função motora fina, sensorial e perceptiva em escolares com dificuldades de aprendizagem (2008) Temas sobre Desenvolvimento, 16, pp. 183-187Engel-Yeger, B., Nagauker-Yanuv, L., Rosenblum, S., Handwriting performance, self-reports, and perceived self-efficacy among children with dysgraphia (2009) Am J Occup Ther, 63, pp. 182-192Orban, P., Lungu, O., Doyon, J., Motor sequence learning and developmental dyslexia (2008) Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1145, pp. 151-172Visser, J., Developmental coordination disorder: A review of research on subtypes and comorbidities (2003) Hum Mov Sci, 22, pp. 479-493Shaywitz, B.A., Morris, R., Shaywitz, S.E., The education of Dyslexic children from childhood to young adulthood (2008) Rev Psychol, 59, pp. 451-475Le Jan, G., Jeannès, R.L.B., Costet, N.C., Faucon, G., Discriminatory validity of dyslexia screening tasks in French school age children (2007) Conf. Proc. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Soc., 1, pp. 3781-3785Volman, M.J.M., Schendel, B.M.V., Jongmans, M.J., Handwriting difficulties in primary school children: A search for underlying mechanisms (2006) The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 60, pp. 451-460Alloway, T.P., Archibald, L., Working memory and learning in children with developmental coordination disorder and specific language impairment (2008) J Learn Disabil, 41 (3), pp. 251-262Alloway, T.P., Warn, C., Task-specific training, learning, and memory for children with developmental coordination disorder: A pilot study (2008) Percept Mot Skills, 107 (2), pp. 473-480Conlon, E.G., Sanders, M.A., Wright, C.M., Relationships between global motion and global form processing, practice, cognitive and visual processing in adults with dyslexia or visual discomfort (2009) Neuropsychologia, 47 (3), pp. 907-91

Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0104-56872010000300008
OAI identifier: oai:repositorio.unicamp.br:REPOSIP/91013
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.repositorio.unicamp... (external link)
  • http://www.scopus.com/inward/r... (external link)
  • http://repositorio.unicamp.br/... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.