Lembaga Penyelesaian Sengketa Adat Laut “Panglima Laôt” di Aceh sebagai Bentuk Pengembangan Alternatif Penyelesaian Sengketa dalam Sistem Hukum di Indonesia

Abstract

AbstrakPengelolaan hasil laut dan perikanan di Indonesia rentan memunculkan sengketa karena laut bersifat open access. Dalam lingkup lokal, Provinsi Aceh memiliki lembaga alternatif penyelesaian sengketa (APS) adat laut yakni Panglima Laôt. Penyelesaian sengketa di luar pengadilan sebelumnya telah diatur dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 1999 tentang Arbitrase dan APS (UU APS). Namun, sistem pendukung dari UU APS ini belum terbentuk sehingga penyelesaian sengketa melalui jalur alternatif seperti lembaga APS adat laut Panglima Laôt tidak berjalan secara optimal sekalipun putusannya bersifat mengikat bagi para pihak.Kata Kunci: lembaga penyelesaian sengketa adat laut, Panglima Laôt, alternatif penyelesaian sengketa, sistem hukum Indonesia, sistem pendukung. “Panglima Laôt” as Traditonal (Adat) Dispute Resolution in Aceh as an Alternative Dispute Resolution in Indonesian Legal SystemAbstractThe nature of the sea as an open access area potentially created a dispute especially concerning the management of marine and fisheries products. Locally, Aceh Province has established a traditional law of the sea Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) body or so-called “Panglima Laôt”. Formerly, ADR has been regulated by the Law number 30 year 1999 concerning Arbitration and ADR. However, the supporting system of this regulation has not been created yet. That leads to inconsistency and ineffectiveness of the mechanism through ADR body “Panglima Laôt”, even though its decisions binding and applied to all parties.Keywords: ‘Adat’ dispute resolution body, Panglima Laôt, alternative dispute resolution, Indonesian legal system, support system.DOI: https://doi.org/10.22304/pjih.v1n3.a

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This paper was published in Padjadjaran Journal of Law.

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