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�HABITUS� MENURUT PEMIKIRAN PIERRE BOURDIEU DALAM TINJAUAN FILSAFAT KEBUDAYAAN

By , HENDRA and , Dr. M. Mukhtasar Syamsuddin

Abstract

This research entitled Pierre Bourdieu�s Thought of �Habitus� In The Perspective of Cultural Philosophy. Humans are social creatures who always live in groups, but also without that humans are the man himself in human term as individual. Humans processed step by step, so people search something for their satisfaction. The humans then trapped in the braided symbol that has been created by themselves, it could be trapped in the woven symbol which is consciously or unconsciously. The culture is meant as a social construction. Culture is dynamic, owing to the fact that the culture is dialectic and opened to what named as alteration. Cultural change is interpreted as the progress in the sequences of time and space, culture adjusted proceed with the development of society and individual of the culture itself. Based on that explanation, the problem formulations that conveyed in this research are first, what is Habitus according to Pierre Bourdieu?, Second, how is the analysis of cultural philosophy about Habitus?. Furthermore, this research is library research, that supported by primary and secondary data. The data analysis has done by interpretation and comparison. The formal object of this study is philosophy of culture. Moreover, material object is the habitus according to Pierre Bourdieu's thought. Habitus is a concept that chain back by Pierre Bourdieu from the terminology of Hexis sparked by Aristotle and then it is combined with the main ideas of Marx, Weber, Durkheim, Husserl and other thinkers. Habitus then accompanied with the concept of field and capital. Habitus is seen in an agency practice. In addition, Habitus is a system formed by the passage of time, it is durable, but not covered on the changes that are conditioned on the field and the capital. Habitus is a part of cognitive which existed at the individual or groups. Additionally, Habitus is an internalization form of external structures (structures that are structured) are dissolved and understood by the agent, who then expresses the Habitus back into the outer structure (structuring structure). The result of this research has done based on the concept of Bourdieu about Habitus in the reviews of cultural philosophy which show that the habitus is not able to be freed from the existences of humans. Habitus x field + capital = practice is a unit of cultural elements, as a result the habitus is part of culture itself, although Bourdieu ever mention directly. Obviously, Habitus has the crucial implication for the ways where the agent thinks about the culture, it is because Habitus related to feel and taste

Topics: ETD
Publisher: [Yogyakarta] : Universitas Gadjah Mada
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:generic.eprints.org:90107/core8303
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