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Multi-degree bounds on the Betti numbers of real varieties and semi-algebraic sets and applications

Abstract

We prove new bounds on the Betti numbers of real varieties and semi-algebraic sets that have a more refined dependence on the degrees of the polynomials defining them than results known before. Our method also unifies several different types of results under a single framework, such as bounds depending on the total degrees, on multi-degrees, as well as in the case of quadratic and partially quadratic polynomials. The bounds we present in the case of partially quadratic polynomials offer a significant improvement over what was previously known. Finally, we extend a result of Barone and Basu on bounding the number of connected components of real varieties defined by two polynomials of differing degrees to the sum of all Betti numbers, thus making progress on an open problem posed in that paper.Comment: 58 pages, 3 figures. Final version to appear in Discrete and Computational Geometr

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This paper was published in arXiv.org e-Print Archive.

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