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Chern-Simons theory on spherical Seifert manifolds, topological strings and integrable systems

By Gaetan Borot and Andrea Brini

Abstract

We consider the Gopakumar-Ooguri-Vafa correspondence, relating ${\rm U}(N)$ Chern-Simons theory at large $N$ to topological strings, in the context of spherical Seifert 3-manifolds. These are quotients $\mathbb{S}^{\Gamma} = \Gamma\backslash\mathbb{S}^3$ of the three-sphere by the free action of a finite isometry group. Guided by string theory dualities, we propose a large $N$ dual description in terms of both A- and B-twisted topological strings on (in general non-toric) local Calabi-Yau threefolds. The target space of the B-model theory is obtained from the spectral curve of Toda-type integrable systems constructed on the double Bruhat cells of the simply-laced group identified by the ADE label of $\Gamma$. Its mirror A-model theory is realized as the local Gromov-Witten theory of suitable ALE fibrations on $\mathbb{P}^1$, generalizing the results known for lens spaces. We propose an explicit construction of the family of target manifolds relevant for the correspondence, which we verify through a large $N$ analysis of the matrix model that expresses the contribution of the trivial flat connection to the Chern-Simons partition function. Mathematically, our results put forward an identification between the $1/N$ expansion of the $\mathrm{sl}_{N + 1}$ LMO invariant of $\mathbb{S}^\Gamma$ and a suitably restricted Gromov-Witten/Donaldson-Thomas partition function on the A-model dual Calabi-Yau. This $1/N$ expansion, as well as that of suitable generating series of perturbative quantum invariants of fiber knots in $\mathbb{S}^\Gamma$, is computed by the Eynard-Orantin topological recursion.Comment: 65 page

Topics: High Energy Physics - Theory, Mathematical Physics, Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry, Mathematics - Geometric Topology, Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1506.06887

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