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Baryon mass splittings and strong CP violation in SU(3) Chiral Perturbation Theory

By Jordy de Vries, Emanuele Mereghetti and Andre Walker-Loud


We study $SU(3)$ flavor-breaking corrections to the relation between the octet baryon masses and the nucleon-meson CP-violating interactions induced by the QCD $\bar\theta$ term. We work within the framework of $SU(3)$ chiral perturbation theory and work through next-to-next-to-leading order in the $SU(3)$ chiral expansion, which is $\mathcal{O}(m_q^2)$. At lowest order, the CP-odd couplings induced by the QCD $\bar\theta$ term are determined by mass splittings of the baryon octet, the classic result of Crewther et al. We show that for each isospin-invariant CP-violating nucleon-meson interaction there exists one relation which is respected by loop corrections up to the order we work, while other leading-order relations are violated. With these relations we extract a precise value of the pion-nucleon coupling $\bar g_0$ by using recent lattice QCD evaluations of the proton-neutron mass splitting. In addition, we derive semi-precise values for CP-violating coupling constants between heavier mesons and nucleons with $\sim 30\%$ uncertainty and discuss their phenomenological impact on electric dipole moments of nucleons and nuclei.Comment: 49 pages. Published versio

Topics: Nuclear Theory, High Energy Physics - Lattice, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevC.92.045201
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