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Acculturation and contact in Japanese students studying in the United Kingdom

By Katy Greenland and Rupert Brown

Abstract

Acculturation theory has been the dominant model that investigators use in examining the effects of transmigration. This theory indicates the problematic effects of intercultural contact in terms of adjustment and stress. One criticism of this theory, however, is its lack of integration with the more generic contact literature. This literature suggests that intergroup contact can have positive effects on intergroup relations. The authors presented a longitudinal study of 35 Japanese nationals living in the United Kingdom over a period of 12 months. The present results suggested that both conventional acculturation variables (e.g., language ability and perceived cultural distance) and intergroup variables (e.g., in-group bias and intergroup anxiety) were associated with acculturative stress and psychosomatic illness over time. Higher intergroup anxiety was associated with increased acculturative stress, whereas higher in-group bias was associated with reduced psychosomatic illness. The present results indicated the possibility that these variables add an important dimension to the acculturation literature

Topics: HT Communities. Classes. Races
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.3200/SOCP.145.4.373-390
OAI identifier: oai:http://orca.cf.ac.uk:3200
Provided by: ORCA
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