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Modelling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding

By R. Hou, Z. Ghassemlooy, A. K. Hassan, C. Lu and K. P. Dowker


In this paper we introduce a new mathematical model, which can be used to investigate the response of a long-period fibre grating to changes in ambient refractive indices of values both greater and less than that of the cladding. A numerical method to calculate the HE core and cladding modes is presented. The results show that even when the ambient refractive index is higher than that of the cladding, the coupling (resonance) wavelengths experience a measurable shift (a few nm). The result obtained suggests that LPGs coated with a material of higher refractive index than the cladding may be used as index sensors

Publisher: Institute of Physics
Year: 2001
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