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Exploring de association between feeding habits, non-nutritive sucking habits, and malocclusions in the deciduous dentition

By Gabriela Mesquita Lopes Freire, Abel B. (Abel Belizario) Cahuana Cárdenas, José Enrique Espasa Suárez de Deza, 1953- Josep Maria Ustrell i Torrent, Luciana Butini Oliveira and Juan Ramón Boj Quesada

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to explore the association between feeding habits, non-nutritive sucking habits, and malocclusions in deciduous dentition. Methods: A cross-sectional observational survey was carried out in 275 children aged 3 to 6 years and included clinical evaluations of malocclusions and structured interviews. Statistical significance for the association between feeding habits and the development of malocclusion was determined using chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. In addition, odds ratio (OR) calculations were used for intergroup comparisons. Controlling for confounders was adjusted by excluding children with non-nutritive sucking habits. Results: The results indicated that there were no significant relationships between exclusive breastfeeding or bottlefeeding and the presence of any type of malocclusion (p>0.05). There was also no significant association between breastfeeding or bottlefeeding duration and malocclusion (p>0.05). In addition, it was observed that exclusive breastfeeding had a protective effect and diminished the risk of acquiring non-nutritive sucking habits (p=0.001). Conclusions: There was no association between feeding habits and malocclusions in the deciduous dentition in this sample of children. Exclusive breastfeeding reduced the risk of acquiring non-nutritive sucking habits

Topics: Maloclusió, Alletament, Alletament artificial, Dentició, Malocclusion, Breastfeeding, Bottle feeding, Dentition
Publisher: Springer Open
OAI identifier: oai:recercat.cat:2072/346002
Provided by: RECERCAT
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