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Structural and functional features of the B-cell receptor in IgG-positive chronic lymphocytic leukemia

By Kathleen N. Potter, C. Ian Mockridge, Louise Neville, Isla Wheatley, Michael Schenk, Jennifer Orchard, Andrew S. Duncombe, Graham Packham and Freda K. Stevenson

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the origin and relationship of the rare IgG+ variant of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) to the two common IgM+IgD+ subsets that are distinguished by expression of unmutated or mutated V(H) genes, with the former having a worse prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: IgG+ CLL cells were characterized using phenotypic, functional, and immunogenetic analyses. RESULTS: IgG+ CLL was phenotypically similar to mutated IgM+IgD+ CLL (M-CLL) and variably expressed CD38 (4 of 14). ZAP-70, a tyrosine kinase preferentially expressed in unmutated CLL, was found in only 2 of 14 cases. The ability to signal via surface IgM (sIgM) varies between the main subsets of CLL and is associated with expression of ZAP-70. In IgG(+) CLL, 9 of 14 responded to engagement of sIgG with no apparent requirement for expression of CD38 or ZAP-70. However, signal capacity correlated with intensity of sIgG expression. Most switched immunoglobulin variable region genes were somatically mutated without intraclonal variation, and no case expressed activation-induced cytidine deaminase. Derivation from a postgerminal center B cell is, therefore, likely, and a relationship with M-CLL is suggested. This is supported by a shared biased usage of the V4-34 gene. Similar bias in normal B cells developed with age, providing an expanded population for transforming events. However, conserved sequences detected in the CDR3 of V4-34-encoded gamma chains were not found M-CLL, indicating no direct path of isotype switch from M-CLL. CONCLUSION: IgG+ CLL is likely to arise from an age-related expanded pool of B cells, on a path parallel to M-CLL, and perhaps with a similar clinical course.<br/

Topics: RC0254, QH301
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:44619
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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