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The effects of heat exchange and fluid production on the ignition of a porous solid

By A.A. Shah, J. Brindley, A. McIntosh and J. Rademacher


In this paper we study a system of nonlinear parabolic equations representing the evolution of small perturbations in a model<br/>describing the combustion of a porous solid. The novelty of this system rests on allowing the fluid and solid phases to assume different temperatures, as opposed to the well-studied single-temperature model in which heat is assumed to be exchanged at an<br/>infinitely rapid rate. Moreover, the underlying model incorporates fluid creation, as a result of reaction, and this property is inherited by the perturbation system. With respect to important physico-chemical parameters we look for global and blowing-up solutions,<br/>both with and without heat loss and fluid production. In this context, blowup can be identified with thermal runaway, from which <br/>ignition of the porous solid is inferred (a self-sustaining combustion wave is generated). We then proceed to study the existence<br/>and uniqueness of a particular class of steady states and examine their relationship to the corresponding class of time-dependent<br/> problems. This enables us to extend the global-existence results, and to indicate consistency between the time-independent and<br/>time-dependent analyses. In order to better understand the effects of distinct temperatures in each phase, a number of our results are<br/> then compared with those of a corresponding single-temperature model.We find that the results coincide in the appropriate limit of<br/>infinite heat-exchange rate. However, when the heat exchange is finite the blowup results can be altered substantially

Topics: TP, QA, QC
Year: 2008
OAI identifier:
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

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