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The Cardinal Cathegories of Theoretical Analysis of the Social History in the Sociological Work of Alain Tourraine

By Jacek Leoński

Abstract

Alain Touraine is considered to be one of the most outstanding French Sociologists. The theory of social development ranks high among his other works. (It was published in "Production de la société", 1979). The prime cathegory of the Touraime an social theory is the one of "historicité" comprising three elements of knowledge, accumulation and cultural model. This notion renders mutual relations between the three elements of social life. Human activity in the spheres of production, culture and knowledge measured by means of the historical dimension permits to introduce a succesive cathegory of the "système d'action historique". It signifies the way of influence of the "historicité" on social and cultural practice. The "système d'action historique" is the sphere of social activities at a given stage of the historical development which influences the structural shape of the society, still it has to be viewed through accumulation linked with economic activities. Elements constituting the economic activities (i.e. organization of labor, production, distribution and consumption) can have various positions in the "système d'action historique". On account of the variability of these elements a periodical division of the ideal society types is introduced: 1) agricultural society, 2) trade society, 3) industrial society, 4) post- -industrial society (otherwise called programmed society). Class relations, institutional structure and organization are used by A. Touraine as the cathegories of analysis. Mutual relations between the organization, the institutional structure, the class relations and the système d'action historique result in a distinction of three various forms of the social structure: 1) administration, 2) enterprise, 3) agency.Digitalizacja i deponowanie archiwalnych zeszytów RPEiS sfinansowane przez MNiSW w ramach realizacji umowy nr 541/P-DUN/201

Publisher: Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM
Year: 1982
OAI identifier: oai:repozytorium.amu.edu.pl:10593/20826
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