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HOW DO CHILDREN LABEL THE WORLD WITH WORDS?

By Osokina S.

Abstract

The way young children label the world with words may be different from the way adults use words to segment the world into objects. How does the language children learn in infancy influence the way they see the world; what is the difference in labeling the world by children and adults? We are to bring evidence of special usage of the language children hear in everyday communication to express the way they perceive the world. Surrounding language thesaurus is crucial in segmenting speech into recognizable units and in using these units to label the world. The main method of research is a case study which includes general linguistic analysis of a child's utterances, speech situation analysis, cognitive methods, and thesaurus analysis. We found out that children may recognize separate words in adults' speech and connect them with proper items of the world; children may recognize words or word combinations and use them in speech without having knowledge about the proper item of the world; using recognizable speech fragments children may compose their own labels and specify world items unknown to adults. The way children label the world depends on their language experience and active thesaurus. Adults' language experience is formed by everyday practice of stereotype expressions which segment the world into stereotype units. Children are not used to stereotypes because of lack of experience. This makes possible for children to use fragments of speech to identify world items unnoticeable by adults. (C) 2017 Published by Future Academ

Topics: Language acquisition, L1 acquisition, infant speech development, thesaurus
Publisher: 'Cognitive-crcs'
Year: 2020
DOI identifier: 10.15405/epsbs.2017.01.02.1
OAI identifier: oai:rour.neicon.ru:rour/258813
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