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Isotope Effects in Complex Scattering Lengths for He Collisions With Molecular Hydrogen

By Alexander Dalgarno, Jeff Nolte, Phillip Stancil, B.H. Yang, Teck-Ghee Lee, Naduvalath Balakrishnan and Robert C. Forrey


We examine the effect of theoretically varying the collision-system reduced mass in collisions of He with vibrationally excited molecular hydrogen and observe zero-energy resonances for select atomic “hydrogen” masses less than 1 u or a “helium” mass of 1.95 u. Complex scattering lengths, state-to-state vibrational quenching cross sections, and a low-energy elastic scattering resonance are all studied as a function of collision-system reduced mass. Experimental observations of these phenomena in the cold and ultracold regimes for collisions of \(^{3}\)He and \(^{4}\)He with H\(_{2}\), HD, HT, and DT should be feasible in the near future.Astronom

Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.014701
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