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Star Formation in the Taurus filament L 1495: from Dense Cores to Stars

By Markus Schmalzl, Jouni Kainulainen, Ralf Launhardt, Thomas Henning, Sascha P. Quanz, João Alves, Carlos G. Román-Zúñiga, Alyssa A. Goodman and Jaime E. Pineda

Abstract

We present a study of dense structures in the L1495 filament in the Taurus Molecular Cloud and examine its star-forming properties. In particular we construct a dust extinction map of the filament using deep near-infrared observations, exposing its small-scale structure in unprecedented detail. The filament shows highly fragmented substructures and a high mass-per-length value of \(M_{line} = 17 M \odot \ pc^{-1}\), reflecting star-forming potential in all parts of it. However, a part of the filament, namely B211, is remarkably devoid of young stellar objects. We argue that in this region the initial filament collapse and fragmentation is still taking place and star formation is yet to occur. In the star-forming part of the filament, we identify 39 cores with masses from \(0.4 to 10 M \odot\) and preferred separations in agreement with the local Jeans length. Most of these cores exceed the Bonnor-Ebert critical mass, and are therefore likely to collapse and form stars. The Dense Core Mass Function follows a power law with exponent \(\lceil = 1.2 \pm 0.2\), a form commonly observed in star-forming regions.Astronom

Topics: ISM, clouds, dust, extinction, individual, L1495, structure, stars, formation
Publisher: 'IOP Publishing'
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0004-637X/725/1/1327
OAI identifier: oai:dash.harvard.edu:1/4817724
Journal:

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