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EVALUATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF DICAMBA EXPOSURE ON CROP INJURY AND CANOPY CLOSURE OF GLUFOSINATE RESISTANT SOYBEAN

By Zachary K. Perry

Abstract

Dicamba-resistant soybean along with lower volatility dicamba formulations have been introduced in an attempt to control herbicide resistant weeds such as Amaranthus palmeri. This introduction has increased the amount of dicamba being applied later in the growing season increasing the prevalence of dicamba off-target movement. Dicamba damage was simulated by applying low rates of dicamba directly on soybeans at rates (0.5 g ae ha-1, 1 g ae ha-1 and 5 g ae ha-1 dicamba) and five-exposure timings from June 1 to July 10. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with four replications at five locations. Crop and trifoliate injury ratings were taken 21 and 28 DAE (days after exposure) as well as yield, canopy closure ratings 21, 28 and 35 DAE and Palmer amaranth density was determined in both 2018 and 2019. When comparing injury across exposure dates it was observed that the early June exposures resulted in peak injury at 21 DAE whereas the late June and early July exposure peaked at 28 DAE. Yield was only reduced in 2019 with the lowest yield occurring due to exposure on June 20 at 5g ae ha-1. Differences were observed in canopy closure in both years, with a more pronounced and prolonged canopy closure delay in 2019. Overall dicamba exposure date had a greater influence on canopy development than exposure rate likely due to variations in soybean growth stages at the different exposure dates

Topics: Dicamba, Herbicide injury, Canopy closure, Weed Science
Publisher: UKnowledge
Year: 2020
OAI identifier: oai:uknowledge.uky.edu:pss_etds-1143

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