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Evaluación de conocimiento de hipertensión en pacientes hipertensos y su asociación con adherencia al tratamiento

By José Carlos Rodríguez Abt, Sime Joso Rogic Valencia and Rodrigo José Solís Visscher


TesisIntroduction: Knowledge about hypertension might have a beneficial effect in treatment adherence for a better blood pressure control. Objective: Evaluate the existence of association between hypertension knowledge and hypertension treatment adherence in hypertensive patients at Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins. Methods: A Cross-Sectional study was made. Convenience sampling included 340 hypertensive cardiology outpatients between May and August 2015. Exposure was hypertension knowledge measured with the Cuestionario de conocimientos sobre la hipertensión and the outcome was hypertension treatment adherence measured with the Martin-Bayarre-Grau questionnaire. Poisson regression was used to calculate Prevalence Ratio with 95% confidence interval. To estimate statistical significance p < 0,05 was used. Results: 302 (88, 8%) patients (50,7% women) were recruited. Statistical significance was found between low hypertension knowledge and partial treatment adherence (PR 1,4 CI 95% 1,2-1,8), having over 10 years of hypertension (PR 0,7 CI 95% 0,6-0,9), not having received information about hypertension (PR 1,4 CI 95% 1,2-1,7), query time between 10 and 15 minutes (PR 0,8 CI 95% 0,6-0,9) as over 15 minutes (PR 0,5 CI 95% 0,3-0,7). Conclusion: Patients with low hypertension knowledge are more likely to have a partial adherence to treatment than patients with high hypertension knowledge

Topics: Hipertensión, Tratamiento médico, Presión sanguínea, Estudios de casos y controles, Pacientes, Medicina, Hypertension
Publisher: Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)
Year: 2017
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