A guided manual method for juvenile age progression using digital images


Predicting the possible age-related changes to a child’s face, age progression methods modify the shape, colour and texture of a facial image while retaining the identity of the individual. However, the techniques vary between different practitioners. This study combines different age progression techniques for juvenile subjects, various researches based on longitudinal radiographic data; physical anthropometric measurements of the head and face; and digital image measurements in pixels. Utilising 12 anthropometric measurements of the face, this study documents a new workflow for digital manual age progression. An inter-observer error study (n = 5) included the comparison of two age progressions of the same individual at different ages. The proposed age progression method recorded satisfactory levels of repeatability based on the 12 anthropometric measurements. Seven measurements achieved an error below 8.60%. Facial anthropometric measurements involving the nasion (n) and trichion (tr) showed the most inconsistency (14–34% difference between the practitioners). Overall, the horizontal measurements were more accurate than the vertical measurements. The age progression images were compared using a manual morphological method and machine-based face recognition. The confidence scores generated by the three different facial recognition APIs suggested the performance of any age progression not only varies between practitioners, but also between the Facial recognition systems. The suggested new workflow was able to guide the positioning of the facial features, but the process of age progression remains dependant on artistic interpretation

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This paper was published in LJMU Research Online.

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