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Catalysis of methanol-air mixture using platinum nanoparticles for microscale combustion

By James Applegate, Howard Pearlman and Smitesh Bakrania


High surface area, active catalysts containing dispersed catalytic platinum nanoparticles (dp ∼ 11.6 nm) on a cordierite substrate were fabricated and characterized using TEM, XRD, and SEM. The catalyst activity was evaluated for methanol oxidation. Experimental results were obtained in a miniature-scale continuous flow reactor. Subsequent studies on the effect of catalyst loading and reactor flow parameters are reported. Repeat tests were performed to assess the stability of the catalyst and the extent of deactivation, if any, that occurred due to restructuring and sintering of the particles. SEM characterization studies performed on the postreaction catalysts following repeat tests at reasonably high operating temperatures (∼500◦C corresponding to ∼0.3Tm for bulk platinum) showed evidence of sintering, yet the associated loss of surface area had minimal effect on the overall catalyst activity, as determined from bulk temperature measurements. The potential application of this work for improving catalytic devices including microscale reactors is also briefly discussed

Topics: Inorganic Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: Rowan Digital Works
Year: 2012
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Provided by: Rowan University
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