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Two-Photon Optogenetics by Computer-Generated Holography

By Eirini Papagiakoumou, Emiliano Ronzitti, I-Wen Chen, Marta Gajowa, Alexis Picot and Valentina Emiliani


International audienceLight patterning through spatial light modulators, whether they modulate amplitude or phase, is gaining an important place within optical methods used in neuroscience, especially for manipulating neuronal activity with optogenetics. The ability to selectively direct light in specific neurons expressing an optogenetic actuator, rather than in a large neuronal population within the microscope field of view, is now becomingattractive for studies that require high spatiotemporal precision for perturbing neuronal activity in a microcircuit. Computer-generated holography is a phase-modulation light patterning method providing significant advantages in terms of spatial and temporal resolution of photostimulation. It provides flexible three-dimensional light illumination schemes, easily reconfigurable, able to address a significant excitation field simultaneously, and applicable to both visible or infrared light excitation. Its implementation complexity depends on the level of accuracy that a certain application demands: Computer-generated holography can stand alone or be combined with temporal focusing in two-photon excitation schemes, producing depth-resolved excitation patterns robust to scattering. In this chapter, we present an overview of computer-generated holography properties regarding spatiotemporal resolution and penetration depth, and particularly focusing on its applications in optogenetics

Topics: [SPI.OPTI]Engineering Sciences [physics]/Optics / Photonic, [SCCO.NEUR]Cognitive science/Neuroscience
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7417-7_10
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02445635v1
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