Abstract

Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are at increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality, and side effects induced by immunosuppressive therapy may be a major contributor to this risk, together with traditional CV risk factors. Many strategies have been considered in order to reduce CV risk in KTRs, such as steroid and/or calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) minimization, but current data are inconclusive. The introduction of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, the cornerstone of CNI minimization, in the immunosuppressive protocol may reduce both the incidence and severity of CNI-associated side effects; however, whether this strategy has an impact on CV risk after kidney transplantation needs to be evaluated. To this end, a panel of Italian experts in the field of transplantation was convened in a series of meetings to assess the current literature on the potential of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus as a cardioprotective agent. This narrative review summarizes the panel\u2019s round-table discussions and provides recommendations for CV risk management in KTRs. \ua9 2019, Italian Society of Nephrology

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