Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

IAPSO Standard Seawater: definition of the uncertainty in the calibration procedure, and stability of recent batches

By S. Bacon, F. Culkin, N. Higgs and P. Ridout


Standard seawater (SSW) has been employed by oceanographers as a reference material in the determination<br/>of salinity for over a century. In all that time, this is the first study to determine the uncertainty<br/>of the SSW manufacturing process. SSW is calibrated in reference to carefully prepared solutions of<br/>potassium chloride (KCl). All uncertainties in the preparation and measurement of KCl solutions and of<br/>new SSW are calculated. The expanded uncertainty of the SSW conductivity ratio is found to be 1 105,<br/>based on a coverage factor of 2, at the time of manufacture. There is no discernible “within batch”<br/>variability. No significant variability of quality within or between batches of KCl is found. Measurement of<br/>SSW “offsets” from the label conductivity ratio as long as 5 yr after the SSW batch manufacture are<br/>reported, and no significant change in label conductivity ratio for SSW batches P130 through P144 outside<br/>the expanded uncertainty of 1 105 is found. This last result is in contrast to some other studies, and<br/>herein are suggestions as to why this may be the case

Topics: QD, GC
Year: 2007
OAI identifier:
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.