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Enhanced Euclid Algorithm for Modular Multiplicative Inverse and Its Application in Cryptographic Protocols

By Boris S. Verkhovsky

Abstract

Numerous cryptographic algorithms (ElGamal, Rabin, RSA, NTRU etc) require multiple computations of modulo multiplicative inverses. This paper describes and validates a new algorithm, called the Enhanced Euclid Algorithm, for modular multiplicative inverse (MMI). Analysis of the proposed algorithm shows that it is more efficient than the Extended Euclid algorithm (XEA). In addition, if a MMI does not exist, then it is not necessary to use the <i>Backtracking</i> procedure in the proposed algorithm; this case requires fewer operations on every step (divisions, multiplications, additions, assignments and push operations on stack), than the XEA. Overall, XEA uses more multiplications, additions, assignments and twice as many variables than the proposed algorithm

Topics: Extended-Euclid Algorithm, Modular Multiplicative Inverse, Public-Key Cryptography, RSA Cryptocol, Rabin Information Hiding Algorithm, ElGamal Encryption/Decryption, NTRU Cryptosystem, Computer Simulation, Low Memory Devices, LCC:Electronic computers. Computer science, LCC:QA75.5-76.95, LCC:Instruments and machines, LCC:QA71-90, LCC:Mathematics, LCC:QA1-939, LCC:Science, LCC:Q, DOAJ:Computer Science, DOAJ:Technology and Engineering
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.4236/ijcns.2010.312123
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:d94507edef664ad982a6d426eeff3156
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