Since the ancient period plants have been utilized by human beings as medicinal agents on the basis of ethnomedical background. Later on, these speculations were transformed into a scientific basis as a single drug agents. Basic sciences working on plants, serves to use, the obtained natural products as new bioactive pharmaceutical prototypes. The search for phytomedicines that are safe and affordable is still on-going. <I>Parkinsonia aculeata</I> is one such a large spinous shrub or a small tree found in the warmer parts of America and Mexico. This species has been introduced and become naturalized in India. It is a well known medicinal shrub for its beneficial effects as antipyretic, antimalarial, diaphoretic and abortifacient. The phytochemistry of the leaves, flowers and stems of <I>P. aculeata </I>has revealed the presence of glycosides, glycerides, flavonoids, reducing sugars, sterols and traces of minerals. Studies indicate that it possess various pharmacological activities. The present review aims to showcase phytochemical and pharmacological properties of <I>Parkinsonia aculeata</I>
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